Austin Texas History
Sixty years ago, steps were taken that touched thousands of lives in Austin, Texas, a journey that touched the lives of Austin and Texas. It all started with a colonial land grant, and to mark the beginning of a new era, Houston Texas Central Railway awarded a $1.5 million grant to make the station east of Houston the first station in the United States.
Austin's history is also largely tied to state politics, and the founding of the University of Texas in the late nineteenth century made Austin a major player in Texas politics and economic development. The Anglo-American settlement was the city that was to develop later as a result of the railway expansion. The growth was driven by the university itself, founded in 1881 and headquartered there, and Texas State University in Austin.
The number of students at the University of Texas at Austin doubled in the 1950s and 1960s, reaching 39,000 by 1970 and more than 50,500 by the end of the 1970s. The number of students at Austin University has doubled in the last 50 years, reaching 39,000 in 1970 and more than 50,000 today, according to the U.S. Census.
In the same decade, the collective wealth of Austinites rose to the highest level in the city's history, with an average annual income of more than $50,000.
After a three-year interlude in which the capital was temporarily relocated to Houston, Austin regained the title and saw its population governed in less than twenty years by three different nations: the Republic of Texas, the United States of America and the Confederacy. In 1861, three years after the end of the Civil War and after a brief period of civil war, it joined the United States in America. On October 1, 2010, the two archives were reunited at the Texas State Archives in Austin, Texas.
The United States annexed Texas in 1845, and Austin was no longer considered the capital of the Republic. The government returned to Austin in 1861, the year it was annexed to Texas, but not to the Republic of Texas or the Confederacy.
Austin was appointed Secretary of State of the Texas Republic by Sam Houston and served in this capacity until his death in 1836. On January 19, 1839, he was confirmed by the Texas Congress and the place was renamed Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin.
After Mexico gained independence from Spain, Anglo-American settlers arrived in what is now central Texas in the 1830s and began to populate Texas. After moving to Texas, he became an early supporter of the founding of the Republic of Texas and eventually helped lead the military that established Texas "independence.
In 1837 he founded a village called Waterloo, which was renamed Austin in 1839 and was to serve as the capital of the Republic of Texas. The new capital was named after Stephen F. Austin, known as "Father of Texas," and was built in 1886. Many people, including Sam Houston, were unhappy with the location of the capital, so Austin began building the Texas State Capitol, assuming that the original Capitol would have to be built by 1853. It was designed and became the first state Capitol in the United States, designed with a groundbreaking elegance.
The black population of Austin, Texas, grew after the Civil War, and black churches and neighborhoods were founded. According to many Texas historians, this played a key role in why Austin is now the capital of Texas. Since the beginning of black history in Austin, it has never been a story of progress for black people, but rather a story of what happened during the Civil War and the subsequent civil rights movement in the United States. In Austin, this will always be a factor, because it's important to remember that the city's history as a black city goes back to the era of slavery.
Before his death, Moses Austin asked his son to implement the colonization plan that Stephen F. Austin was allowed to implement, and before the Austin Dam was built, a steady pace of life was established on the Colorado River, stabilized by other dams built after the disaster. Since the river served as a natural barrier between the south and north, it made sense for Austin to grow north first, "said Dr. John E. Smith, a history professor at the University of Texas at Austin.
Determined to keep Austin as the capital, the residents of Austin waged an "archive war" and kept all government documents in their homes by force.
When Sam Houston became president of Texas in 1842, he tried to remove state records from his office, fearing they might be captured by the Mexican army, which had just captured San Antonio. Mexican troops attacked San Antonio and urged Houston to convene Congress for a session in the new capital, Austin. The people of Austin were blown up and President Lamar and the entire Texas government were brought to Austin on Houston's ox carts. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, Austin's average wage was third among America's 50 largest cities, behind only New York City and San Francisco.